Library and Archives Canada is pleased to announce the release of a new version of the Census of Canada, 1881 database. This second general census covered the seven provinces and one territory that were then part of Confederation: British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and the Northwest Territories.
This new version includes suggestions for corrections that were received from users in recent months, as well as revised district and sub-district information.
Library and Archives Canada is pleased to announce the release of a new version of the Census of Canada, 1911 database. This fifth general census covered the nine provinces and two territories that were then part of Confederation: British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Yukon and the Northwest Territories.
Previously, users could search only by geographical information, such as province, district and sub-district. Now, they can also search by nominal information, such as the name, given name(s) and age of an individual.
Federal census records offer genealogists a wealth of information.
Did you know that there are various types of early census records? These could be very useful for your research.
Our Finding Aid 300 is a comprehensive guide to early censuses and similar documents held at Library and Archives Canada (LAC).
The finding aid and other census information are available on the LAC website under What to Search—Topics: Census and Enumerations.
Please note that some census records only include the head of a household and only provide statistical data for the remainder of the family or household. These types of censuses rarely indicate the relationship between the head of the household and other family members; other kinds of census records contain only statistical summaries.
For example, if the finding aid indicates “aggregate returns” or “recensement sommaire,” it includes statistics only. However, if identified as “nominal” or “nominatif” the census includes a list of names.
Questions or comments? We would love to hear from you!
Did you know that several nominal censuses dating from the early French colonial period have been digitized and are available on our website? You will see that most of these census records list only the heads of the household. Here are a few examples (in French, only):
- Recensement du Canada, 1666, MG1-G1, volume 460/1, microfilms C-2472 and F-765
- Recensement du Canada, 1667, MG1-G1, volumes 460/1 and 460/2, microfilms C-2472 and F-765
- Recensement du Canada fait par l’intendant Du Chesneau, 1681, MG1-G1, volumes 460/1 and 460/3, microfilms C-2474 and F-765
- Recensement des habitans de la rivière Saint-Jean, 1698, MG1-G1, volume 466/1, microfilms C-2572 and F-768
- Recensement nominatif de Détroit, 1710, MG1-C11A, volume 31, microfilms F-31 and C-2383
- Recensement de l’île Dauphine par Perry, 1725, MG1-G1, volume 464/2, microfilms C-10206 and F-804
- Recensement général de la Louisiane, 1726, MG1-G1, volume 464/2, microfilms C-10206 and F-804
- Recensement général des habitants du département de la Nouvelle-Orléans, 1727, MG1-G1, volume 464/2, microfilms C-10206 and F-804
- Recensement général de la Nouvelle-Orléans, 1732, MG1-G1, microfilm F-804
- Recensement nominatif des habitants de Miquelon dressé par Du Mesnilambert, 1785, MG1-G1, microfilm F-767
To find other censuses such as those mentioned above, simply enter the keywords “recensement nominatif”, “recensement habitants” or “recensement familles” in our Archives Search database and select “Online: yes.”
Note that since the records are of French origin and have been written only in French you must use French keywords to search.
For more information on census records, we invite you to visit our Genealogy and Family History pages.