Did Your Ancestors Come From the Netherlands (Holland)?

Do you wonder who your first Dutch ancestor was and when he or she left the Netherlands and arrived in Canada? Are you curious about your family’s Dutch heritage?

You will find on our website a specific page about genealogical research for the Dutch. It provides historical background, main LAC archival collections and published material and links to other websites and institutions.

If your Dutch ancestor came to Canada before 1865, a good starting point would be to consult the three following databases:

If your ancestor came between 1865 and 1935, you might find his name on passenger lists.


Tracing your Dutch ancestor in Canada is the first step. Joining a genealogical society is an ideal way to start your genealogy research.

Questions or comments? We would love to hear from you!


Lights, Camera, Action! Searching for Film, Video and Sound Recordings

If you’re looking for information about audiovisual recordings in the archival collection of Library and Archives Canada, use our Film, Video and Sound database, which contains details on individual audiovisual recordings that cannot be found in our Archives Search.

If you are looking for published audiovisual recordings, such as commercial film or television production, use Library Search.


  • It is not yet possible to view the recordings online. Please see our blog post on How to Consult Material that IS Not Yet Available Online for details.
  • In the Film, Video and Sound database, the statement No consultation copies available indicates that a consultation copy must be made before you can consult or order a copy of the document. This will take approximately six weeks.

*Please consult our clarification regarding this article.

Questions or comments? We would love to hear from you!

Handle with Care: How to Handle Archival Boxes Properly

We have all carried a box or two in our lives. Some, we are more careful with, like our grandmother’s china. Others, like a box of winter clothes we are anxious to put away, may not require such care. Think of archival boxes as you would your grandmother’s precious china. The box of records you are given to consult may contain documents that are hundreds of years old and one of a kind. To help us continue to preserve and protect these documents, our consultation staff have prepared a quick list of Do’s and Don’ts to guide you in the proper care and handling of archival boxes and their contents:


  • Hold the box with two hands, using one hand to support the bottom of the box.
  • Keep the box close to your body when transferring it from one surface to another. Bring the box to the consultation staff immediately if you suspect it contains mould.
  • Take one file at a time out of the box.
  • Close the lid once you have retrieved your file.
  • Make sure that the entire record rests on the surface of the table and that no part hangs over the edge.
  • Inform the consultation staff if you notice that the box is damaged. Staff will make arrangements to re-box it.
  • Use only pencils near archival documents.
  • Use the blue flags provided in the research areas to bookmark a page.
  • Use the carts provided to move a box from the table to the returns cart, to the lockers or back to consultation staff.


  • Place the container on the floor.
  • Rearrange the order of the documents in the file or the box.
  • Use hand lotion or hand sanitizer while handling the box or its contents.
  • Use metal clips or sticky notes on the documents.
  • Use the box handles, as this action could damage the box and the material inside.
  • Lean on the records.

If you have any questions while consulting archival documents, please feel free to ask the staff at the consultation desk who will gladly help you out.

Questions or comments? We would love to hear from you!

The Famous “Kitchen Accord”: Now Available in Digital Format!

In 2009, Library and Archives Canada acquired an original copy of the famous “Kitchen Accord”, handwritten by Roy Romanow. On the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the proclamation of the 1982 Constitution Act, we are pleased to offer to the Canadian public a digitized copy of this document that played a key role in one of the most important moments of Canada’s constitutional history.

To view this record, visit our description in Archives Search: Kitchen Accord, R12830 (MIKAN 3912727)

April 17th, 2012, marked the 30th anniversary of the proclamation of the 1982 Constitution Act. This event concluded a two year process involving intense negotiations between the federal government and the provinces on the proposal to “patriate” the Constitution to Canada.

The constitutional conference, which was held November 2 to 5, 1981, hoped to put an end to the negotiations. No significant progress was made during the first two days of the conference, and the negotiations seemed to be heading to a dead-end. But the public pressure on the parties to reach an agreement was very strong so many last minute compromise proposals were submitted to parties, especially on November 4. An agreement took shape during the night of November 4 to 5. This agreement would be signed the next day by all parties, except by representatives from Québec. One of the most important, and probably the most famous of these last minute compromise proposals, is the “Kitchen Accord”, drafted during the afternoon of November 4 by Jean Chrétien, Roy Romanow, and Roy McMurtry, respectively federal Minister of Justice, Attorney General of Saskatchewan and of Ontario, in a kitchenette of the National Conference Centre, where the discussions were held. This draft agreement included patriation, amendment formula, Charter of Rights, and a “Notwithstanding” clause that would only apply to some parts of the Charter. There is also a reference to minority linguistic rights that were much debated during the negotiations.

 Questions or comments? We would love to hear from you!

Remembering the Titanic at LAC – Part III: Canadians on the Titanic

The Titanic set sail on April 10, 1912, with 2,227 passengers and crew onboard; on April 15, 1912, the tragic collision with an iceberg claimed over 1,500 lives, mostly among the second and third class passengers.

Among the first class passengers were two Canadian businessmen; Charles Melville Hays and Harry Markland Molson.

Charles Melville Hays was born in 1856 and educated in the United States. He worked on several railways in the U.S.A. before coming to Canada in 1896. He was the General Manager of the Grand Trunk Railway, from 1896 to 1909 with the exception of a period in 1901 when he was president of the Southern Pacific Railway. In 1905 he became president of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, which was largely his own creation. In 1909, he was appointed president of the Grand Trunk Railway and retained this office until his death on the Titanic.  Charles was the husband of Clara J. Gregg and father of four daughters.  Learn more about Hays in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online.

Harry Markland Molson, also born in 1856, was the great grandson of John Molson, founder of the famous Canadian brewery.  He lived in Montreal and was former Mayor of Dorval and a member of the board of directors for the Molson Bank. You can learn more about the Molson family by reading the Dictionary of Canadian Biography online.

Library and Archives Canada has some records relating to both these gentlemen:

  • Portrait, Charles Melville Hays – President Grand Trunk Railway System, 1910 to 1912. (MIKAN3350321)
  • Charles Melville Hays fonds, MG30-A18, Volume 1. (MIKAN 97908)

Questions or comments? We would love to hear from you!

Remembering the Titanic at LAC – Part II: Published Materials

The sinking of the Titanic was a source of inspiration for musicians and filmmakers and Library and Archives Canada has some interesting pieces of audio-visual and music material in its collection! Let’s continue exploring:


  • Titanic [music], words by Charles Lavell, music by Norman Fraser, 1912 (AMICUS No. 18261190)
  • Men be British!, words and music by C.A. Frame, 1912. (AMICUS No. 23424302)
  • The ice king’s bride: song, words by Cecil E. Selwyn, music by Arthur A. Penn, 1913.  (AMICUS No. 22493644)
  • The loss of the Titanic : song, words and music by Arthur S. Leslie, 1912 (AMICUS No. 23430367)
  • Back to Titanic , original music composed and conducted by James Horner. Includes My heart will go on performed by Céline Dion, (AMICUS No. 23393515)
  • Titanic [music]: a voyage in piano music by Rebekah  Maxner (AMICUS No. 39465379)

Films and Audio Recordings

  • G. Kleine collection R8745-0-3-E,3 film reels (7 min). Collection consists of short documentary clips about skating in Montreal, skating on the canal and the sinking of the Titanic .  (MIKAN 189395)
  • The discovery of the Titanic [sound recording] by Robert D. Ballard, with Rick Archbold, 1989. (AMICUS No. 8749059)
  • Titanic troubles [sound recording], part of The time capsule series of books by Ouita Petty, 1996, (AMICUS No. 16078395)
  • Titanic [sound recording]: survivors in their own voice (1915-1999), (AMICUS No. 33891610)


  • RMS Titanic : the first violin : the life and loss of  the Titanic’s violinist, John Law Hume by Yvonne Hume with a foreword by Millvina Dean, Titanic’s last survivor (AMICUS No. 40112009)
  • Poems that will interest everybody [microform]  by Angus McLaughlin (AMICUS No. 19488790)
  • The wreck of the Titanic by Andrew O’Malley* (AMICUS No. 3767902)
  • Titanic disaster : report of the Committee on Commerce,  United States Senate, pursuant to S. Res. 283, directing the Committee on Commerce to investigate the causes leading to the wreck of the White Star liner Titanic : together with speeches thereon by Senator  William Alden Smith of Michigan, and Senator Isidor Rayner of Maryland (AMICUS No. 6660067)

*E-copy available.

For information on how to order published material, please read our post “How to Consult Material that Is Not Yet Available Online”.

 Questions or comments? We would love to hear from you!


Remembering the Titanic at LAC – Part I: Archival Records

One hundred years later, the sinking of the Titanic continues to fascinate and captivate people as perhaps the most famous sea-faring disaster in modern history.  The Titanic was billed as the most grandiose and extravagant ship ever built; it was the pride of the White Star Line. “Not even God himself could sink this ship”, claimed one employee at its launch.  Nonetheless, on its maiden voyage, the Titanic hit an iceberg off the coast of Newfoundland and sank on April 14, 1912.  More than 1500 lives were lost.

Did you know?

Within Library and Archives Canada’s collections you can find some interesting records about the Titanic . In fact, over the next few days, The Library and Archives Canada Blog will help you discover some of these records, which deal directly with the sinking of the Titanic and subsequent rescue activities.  These records can be found in our archival government records collection:

  • Records of the Governor General’s Office, RG 7, Series G.21, File 8018, Microfilm Reel T-2295 -Loss of S.S. Titanic , 1912.
  • Records of the Department of Justice, RG 13, Series A-2, Vol.172, File 1912-692, Department of External Affairs – Official letters sent by Titanic, April 1912. (MIKAN 1345549)
  • Records of the Department of Agriculture, RG 17, Vol. 1166, Docket 221220, Department Of External Affairs, Ottawa – Cable From High Commissioner Re: Official Letters on “Titanic”, Date of Docket: 1912/04/16 1992003 (MIKAN 1992003)
  • Records of the RCMP, RG 18, Series A-1, Vol. 425, File 244-12 – Official letters on wrecked steamship Titanic – Duplication of. (MIKAN 865780)
  • Records of the Department of External Affairs, RG 25, Vol. 241, File ME-4-62: Titanic – Lord Mersey’s Report, 1912 (MIKAN 1824285)
  • Records of the Department of External Affairs, RG 25, Vol. 252, File P-1-55: Titanic -Representation to the Court of Inquiry, 1912. (MIKAN 1824538)
  • Records of the Department of External Affairs, RG 25, Vol. 304, File S-7-37: Titanic -Survivors of, 1912 (MIKAN 1825232)
  • Records of the Department of External Affairs, RG 25, Series A-3-a , Vol. 1123, File 1912447: Official Correspondence Lost In Sinking Of “Titanic” To Be Replaced, 1912 (MIKAN 1826832)
  • Records of the Department of External Affairs, RG 25, Vol. 1123, File 1912-485: Facilities for Mr. Maurice Rothschild Re Identification of Bodies of Titanic Passengers, 1912.(MIKAN  1826840)
  • Records of the Department of External Affairs, RG 25, Vol. 1123, File 1912-560: Investigation into the Sinking of Titanic, 1912. (MIKAN 1826856)
  • Records of the Department of External Affairs, RG 25, Series B-1-b , Vol. 252, File : P-1-55 Privy Council Office (Canada) – Titanic – Representations – Court of Inquiry, 1912 (MIKAN 1824538)
  • Records of the Department of External Affairs, RG 25,Series B-1-b, Vol. 304, File S-7-3 7, Secretary of State (Canada) – Titanic – Survivors of – Committee for Relief of, 1912. (MIKAN 1825232)
  • Official Correspondence Lost in Sinking of “Titanic” to be Replaced, RG 25 A-3-a. (MIKAN 1826832)
  • Marine Branch RG 42, Vol. 200, File 32769, Report of a Formal Investigation into the circumstances attending the sinking of the Titanic, 1912-1925. (MIKAN 1640066)
  • Department of Immigration fonds, RG 76, Reel T-4706, Manifest of Passengers from the SS Titanic, arriving at New York on 18 April 1912 aboard the SS Carpathia.

Stay tuned for more information on the Titanic over the next week, as we help you discover Library and Archives Canada’s collection.

Questions or comments? We would love to hear from you!