Mining is one of Canada’s primary industries, involving the extraction and processing of valuable ores. The country produces a wide range of minerals, including gold, silver, aluminum and many more. The industry and its workers have played a critical role in Canada’s industrial and social development. Over time, the mining industry has experienced a variety of advancements, challenges and even opposition related to its environmental effects. However, Canada remains one of the world’s foremost mining countries, a leader in mining-related exploration, expertise and finance.