Aluminum is one of the most widely recycled and used metals in the world, as it is light, strong, flexible, and non-corrosive.The aluminum industry started in Canada at the turn of the 20th century in Shawinigan, Quebec, when the Northern Aluminum Company established its first smelter. Over the next 50 years, along with name changes, mergers, and partnerships, a smelter and refinery network evolved in Canada. According to Natural Resources Canada, there are nine smelters in Quebec and one smelter in Kitimat, British Columbia. The refinery is situated in Saguenay, Quebec. Canada is the world’s third largest primary aluminum producer after China and Russia.