Each year, Library and Archives Canada (LAC) receives countless questions on how to locate military services files, such as:
- How do I find out more about a soldier (or a nursing sister) in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF)?
- When and where did he enlist?
- How old did the soldier say he was? (Many underage soldiers gave an earlier year of birth when they enlisted)
A great place to begin your research is on our Genealogy and Family History’s Military pages.
To help guide you through the process, our experts have put together the following explanations.
Also known as “enlistment” documents, these records indicate the date and place of birth, the marital status and the name and address of the next of kin.
The Soldiers of the First World War database contains references to more than 600,000 people who served during that conflict. Most of the corresponding attestation (enlistment) papers can be viewed online, including those of the Nursing Sisters.
To learn more, consult our article “Canadians and the First World War: Discover our Collection”.
These records contain key documents such as record of service, casualty form, discharge certificate and medal card. It also provides the name or number of
the unit in which the individual served overseas.
Find more information in our articles “What You Will Find in a Canadian Military Service File” and “Understand the Abbreviations Commonly Found in Military Service Files”.
The War Diaries are a daily account and historical record of a unit’s administration, operations and activities.
Consult the War Graves page for information on the burial location of a soldier who was killed in action.
If the soldier survived the war, the Veterans Death Cards give information such as the next of kin, burial location and date of death. The digitized images, which are in alphabetical order, can be navigated in sequential order.
For the soldier who was decorated, a nominal index to medal registers, citation cards and records of various military awards provides further information on many soldiers’ achievements.
Our article “War Diaries: Discover what individuals or military units did during the war” can also guide you with your research.
For an easy-to-read overview of the unit’s activities, we recommend starting with “published histories.” These books are often called “regimental histories” and our article Published Histories: Discover what individuals or military units did during the war” will give you more information.
The Guide to Sources Relating to Units of the Canadian Expeditionary Force
lists references to records and files that complement the research in First World War records. This thematic guide further describes the contribution of most units in the CEF.
Other past articles of interest this Remembrance Day:
- New LAC Podcast Episode! Lest We Forget
- Guide to Sources Relating to Units of the CEF is Now Available Online
- How to Order Military Records from the Personnel Records Unit
- New Functionality for the Second World War Service Files: Canadian Armed Forces War Dead Database
Questions or comments? We would love to hear from you!